Sunday, May 31, 2020

The Benefits of Pursuing a European MBA.

document.createElement('audio'); http://media.blubrry.com/admissions_straight_talk/p/www.accepted.com/chat/transcripts/2012/ExploringEuropeanBusinessSchools.mp3Podcast (accepted-admissions-podcast): Play in new window | Download | EmbedSubscribe: Apple Podcasts | Android | Google PodcastsSome of the benefits of pursuing a European MBA. Thank you so much to Marie-Laurence Lemaire,  HEC Paris Senior Development Manager, Jeroen Verhoeven,  ESADE  MBA and Executive Masters and Associate Director of Admissions, and Lisa Piguet,  IMD  Assistant Director of MBA Admissions and Marketing for an outstanding panel discussion about the European b-school experience. In the following excerpt, our panelists discussed some of the benefits of pursuing a European MBA. Linda Abraham:  Diego asks Why choose a European MBA instead of a U.S. MBA? What is the main difference/advantages? Marie-Laurence Lemaire: Yes, this is a tough one†¦Well, a simple question, what do you want to do after your MBA? If you want to work in the U.S. and be happy with your job†¦stay in the U.S. and you will be happy. You will get a great education, because you have great schools there, highly ranked and so on, so thats fine. But if you want to have a really strong diversity, get mixed up with different cultures, people coming from all over the world to have a very rich sharing of experience from people coming from countries that are so remote, sometimes you dont even know where they are on the map, an MBA in Europe is really the place. Im sure in Spain, in Switzerland, as well, this is happening, but really the major difference between doing an MBA in Europe or doing an MBA in the U.S., [is] if you want to make that jump into becoming international and to have that experience, an MBA in Europe would be the big difference that it will make on your CV. Lisa Piguet:  Sure. Im American, I actually can relate to the person who asked that question†¦.The one thing about the U.S. is that you have a different kind of†¦education process there. But [regarding the] international focus of Europe, the programs here, its very different†¦for example, I would be sitting in a class of 90†¦but everybody spoke like me. They might have considered themselves Mexican, for example, or Argentinean, but in fact, they were born and raised in the U.S. just like I was. But in the European schools†¦youll actually see the true international diversity that is represented worldwide. So in our program this year, we have 46 nationalities with 90 MBAs, and theyre true†¦we have one Swiss†¦.There are still a lot of multinational headquarters here and a lot of people want to work in those companies, with the hopes of going elsewhere. I think Europe is one of those places you can do that. Like Marie said, if you really want to stay in the U.S., youre probably going to attend a 2-year program and you probably will end up staying in the U.S., more likely than not†¦.If you want a global career, my advice is to go to Europe. Jeroen Verhoeven:  Im completely in line with Lisa and Marie†¦but I would also link that somehow to back home in the United States, [you] somehow have a differentiating factor. There are a lot of top, top schools in the U.S., but theres also a lot of different people who go to those schools. If you can present yourself in front of a group to having said, Okay, Ive done my MBA in Switzerland, in France, in Spain, it is definitely something different. It will make you stand out. Standing out, I think, is very important when youre looking for a job†¦.Competition comes from anywhere, anytime.† So in order to be successful in that fast-changing, interconnected world, having that cultural savviness, hopefully with some additional languages, as well, that can really give you the added advantage to land a job also back home, not even including all the interesting options that we might offer in Europe†¦I think there are a lot of additional advantages, apart from the cul tural richness that you can have, studying here in Europe†¦from a business perspective, theres also a clear added value to considering European options. For the complete discussion, please see the 2013 European Virtual Panel transcript and mp3 audio file. Still not sure where you should apply, or even if you should apply at all? Check out our B-School Zones for detailed info on individual MBA programs (in Europe or anywhere else) and our Why MBA special report for tips on answering the big Why MBA? essay question. To automatically receive notices about these MBA admissions chats and other MBA admissions events, please subscribe to our MBA event list. To listen to the QA recordings on-the-go, please subscribe to the Accepted Admissions Podcast.   Accepted.com ~ Helping You Write Your Best

Saturday, May 16, 2020

The Holocaust A Greek Word That Means `` Sacrifice By...

The Holocaust Holocaust is a Greek word that means â€Å"sacrifice by fire† and this was a theme which the Nazis used against the Jewish population after they came in power in January of 1933. Jews were not the only race that were targeted during this period. The Gypsies, the disabled, the Poles, homosexuals, Jehovah’s Witnesses, and also the Russians were also part of the different groups that were targeted by the Nazis when their reign began in 1933. The Jews endured the most impact of the Holocaust because well over nine million of Europe’s population in 1933 were Jews. This hatred towards the minorities and mostly the Jews happened as a result of the Nazi racial ideology known as the Aryan race. This Aryan race, which is also known as the â€Å"master race† was the characterization of biological Germans as having the basic blonde hair and blue eyes features and Hitler, the mastermind behind this construction of racial difference believed that the only way to purify this â€Å"master race† again will be through exterminating the people who do not fit the description set forth by the Aryan race. My first primary figuration comes from The Holocaust survivor, Elie Wiesel. Wiesel who was only 16 years old when he was sent to the Auschwitz camp along with his family, talks about the different ways that people were killed in the Holocaust. Genocide is figured as being favorable to patriarchy in this figuration made by Elie Wiesel. This can be seen in â€Å"Night† when Elie Wiesel states, â€Å" Men toShow MoreRelatedThe Holocaust : The World War I1157 Words   |  5 PagesAlyssa Dittman Ms.Dwiggins computers 2 22/9/2014 The Holocaust The word â€Å"Holocaust† was originally taken from the Greek word â€Å"Holokauston†. In Greek, this word meant â€Å"sacrifice by fire†. Holocaust is the name given to the German Nazis killing and persecution of Jews. Other targeted groups were Gypsies, Jehovah’s Witnesses, homosexuals, the handicapped or deformed, and all others who disagreed with what Adolph Hitler was doing. It all began in 1933 when the entire world was in a depressionRead MoreElie Wiesel Night Reflection794 Words   |  4 Pagesabout the Holocaust. Night has became one of the most prominent pieces of literature about the holocaust. Night is one person’s experience of the Holocaust- the nazi’s effort to exterminate the Jews, of Europe, largely by sending the Jewish to concentration camp where they were worked to death, or worked to near death and then killed. The Holocaust was the systematic, bureaucratic, state- sponsored persecution and murder of six million Jews by the Nazi regime and its collaborators. Holocaust is a wordRead MoreThe Jewish Genocide in World War II Essay850 Words   |  4 Pagesfamily trees, changing the course of the future and leaving a massive mark that the human race can never forget. The word genocide was created to describe the mass murdering of the Jewish people along with Slavic, Romanians, Greeks, African-Europeans, homosexuals, and menta lly or physically disabled people. This certain genocide was named The Holocaust, or â€Å"Sacrifice by Fire† (Holocaust Facts). There are also more recent genocides, like the Rwandan Genocide located in Africa, a land where warlords andRead MoreHolocaust: A Result of Racism764 Words   |  3 PagesHolocaust: A Result of Racism The Holocaust is a part of history that always brings sadness to many and unanswered questions. The word â€Å"holocaust† is from Greek origin and it means â€Å"sacrifice by fire.† The Holocaust was the persecution and murder of about six million Jews including around 1.5 million Jewish children by the Nazi regime between the years 1933 – 1945. Racism played a vital role and was the main reason for the slaughtering of millions of Jews during this time in history. Jews were notRead MoreNegative Effects Of The Holocaust1507 Words   |  7 PagesThe Holocaust changed not only Jewish lives but also the lives of everyone involved. The holocaust is defined as the thorough destruction involving extensive loss of life especially through fire; however historically its definition refers to the mass slaughter of European civilians and especially Jews by the Nazis during World War II. From the beginning the Nazis who were being faithful to Hitler had specifically targeted the Jews. The Nazis had a relentless hatred for the Jews rested on the viewRead MoreSurviving Hitler: a Comparison of Night and the Pianist in the Portrayal of the Holocaust1321 Words   |  6 PagesThe Holocaust is the name applied to the systematic state-sponsored persecution and genocide of the Jews of Europe and North Africa along with other groups during World War II by Nazi Germany and collaborators. Early elements of the Holocaust include the Kristallnacht pogrom of the 8th and 9th November 1938 and the T-4 Euthanasia Program, progressing to the later use of killing squads and extermination camps in a massive and centrally organized effort to exterminate every possible member of theRead MoreThe Ten Principles Of Faith1257 Words   |  6 Pagesbelief. There were thirteen principles. The first one was God exists. The second is God is one and unique. The third is God is incorporeal which mean god is not composed of matter. The fourth is God is eternal. The fifth is Prayers ar e to be direct to god alone and to no one else. The Jews were expected to pray three times daily. The sixth principle is the words of the prophets are true. The seventh principle is Moses’ prophecies are true and Moses was the greatest of the prophets. The eighth principleRead MoreThe Horrible Experiences of the Jewish People during The Holocaust1670 Words   |  7 PagesJewish people during the Holocaust. Each prisoner had undergone sufferings personal to him or her. Due to the unfathomable torture that led to the desolation of the human spirit, most prisoners abandoned their morals to fight for survival. It is hard to measure when and under what circumstances this is â€Å"appropriate† or justifiable. I argue that the ruthless manifestation of evil validates the loss of self and therefore the loss of morality. For those that have survived the Holocaust, there are implicationsRead MoreThe Holocaust : The World s Perspective Essay1455 Words   |  6 Pageswhole story of the Holocaust, they only know of bits and pieces. Most people know that Hitler rose to command and had a strong dislike of specific groups of people, which consequently began the Holocaust. The Holocaust changed the whole world’s perspective. Our fellow human were tortured, starved, and burned alive for being different from society. I wrote this essay to show that there is always another side to a story. Now I give you â€Å"The Holocaust Revealed†. The Holocaust began in January ofRead MoreThe Reign Of Nazi Germany1176 Words   |  5 Pages The reign of Nazi Germany was arguably the most horrific eras the world has ever seen. Led by German chancellor, Adolf Hitler, the Holocaust annihilated six million European Jews because he felt that Jews were â€Å"inferior,† to the â€Å"racially superior† German’s. (1) The word Holocaust originates from Greek, meaning â€Å"sacrifice by fire.† (2) The rise of the Nazi empire, though, did not happen over-night. The beginning of the Nazi reign meant the ending of the Weimar Republic, which was a democracy

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Its Time for Immigration Reform Essay - 833 Words

Its Time for Immigration Reform News article after news article on immigration characterizes anyone who opposes the current level of immigration as anti-immigrant. This is biased and deceitful. Its like saying that anyone who doesnt want 10 or 12 children is anti-children. The truth is that many people are pro-immigration but recognize that the present level of immigration is unsustainable and will eventually be detrimental to Americans and immigrants alike. One often-used irrelevant argument is that we are a nation of immigrants. While true, it does not shed light on the question of how many immigrants should be admitted annually and what should be the criteria for admission. To†¦show more content†¦Given the present immigration trends, which will account for 70 to 80 percent of the population growth in the next century, it is only a matter of time before the population of the U.S. surpasses that of India and China. Why would any nation want to implement such a disastrous policy? The answer is that few Americans, especially politicians, look past the next couple of years. It is sometimes suggested that if we find we are overpopulated we can then cut back on immigration. But even if we halted all immigration today, it would take at least 50 years before U.S. population would level out. The reason is, of course, the fertility rate of immigrants is far higher than that of native-born Americans. It takes two to three generations before the rate drops to about the national American average, The argument that without immigration there will be nobody to do the jobs that immigrants do is the same logic that was used to justify slavery: Without slaves, who will pick the cotton? The answer, as any economist knows, is that in a market economy wage rates will always adjust to the level necessary to attract sufficient labor or stimulate innovation to mechanize the jobs. The persons most hurt by excessive immigration are low-skilled AmericansShow MoreRelatedWhy We Need Immigration Reform1168 Words   |  5 Pages Why we need immigration reform Immigration is important to America and so is Immigration reform. The laws we have in place are unfair and unsuccessful to all of us. In order to progress we need to look at our country’s past to advance in our future. Our economy and society can learn and advance with immigration reform. Our laws on Immigration need an upgrade and most politicians would agree that we need immigration reform also. Immigration reform is the renewal of our immigration laws, but littleRead MoreWhy We Need Immigration Reform1168 Words   |  5 Pages Why we need immigration reform Immigration is important to America and so is Immigration reform. The laws we have in place are unfair and unsuccessful to all of us. In order to progress we need to look in our country’s past to advance to our future. Our economy and society can learn and advance with immigration reform. Our laws on Immigration need an upgrade and most politicians would agree that we need immigration reform also. Immigration reform is the renewal of our immigration laws, but littleRead MoreBenefits Of Immigration Reform During The United States Essay1651 Words   |  7 PagesBenefits of Immigration Reform Today, the need for immigration reform questions many economic, political and moral realities in our country. In particular, the current immigration reform as a major issue in the Latino community. Each area will be examined with an emphasis on how each is beneficial to the economy, as well as touching on the differences between the key opinions around immigration reform. Latinos make up a large portion of the people impacted by the outcome reform bill. The MigrationRead MoreThe Poverty Of The United States1204 Words   |  5 Pagescountries of origin it is not an easy decision to make; for me it was a dramatic change when I migrated to the U.S Cultural, language and friends wise. It is hard to just let things to the side and trying to adapt to new things. The culture of a country it’s what actually makes a country and the people who live in it. Cultures are so wonderful and different that it is almost impossible to forget them and they will be carried in our souls and heart s forever and even though we come to another country withRead MoreImmigration Reform1221 Words   |  5 PagesImmigration Reform is a serious and current issue in politics, in government, and in the lives of millions of people. Immigration reform is a term used by the American government and in politics. It refers to the changes to the current immigration policies in the United States. â€Å"Reform† is defined as a â€Å"change into an improved form or condition, by amending faults or abuses.† So, in a nutshell, Immigration Reform means the improvement of the law regarding how we, the United States, handle immigrationRead MoreEconomics And Immigration : The Economics Of U.s. Immigration Policy964 Words   |  4 PagesEconomics and Immigration Immigration is a topic on everyone s minds these days. With presidential candidates vying for votes in debates and political campaigns, immigration has been talked about quite a bit. But what is truly known about immigration? Since it is such a divisive issue, it is hard to know what is true and what isn’t. Unfortunately, the information most readily available to us comes in the form of opinionated articles and biased speeches by presidential candidates. Because the informationRead MoreImmigration Reform Is The Renewal Of Our Immigration Laws1111 Words   |  5 Pages Our laws on Immigration need an upgrade and most politicians would agree that we need immigration reform also. Immigration reform is the renewal of our immigration laws, but little progress has been made to make this a reality. Obama has made several actions to hopefully allow immigrants to have a chance to become citizens, but no new laws have been put into action. Presidential candidates speak a lot about immigration reform. Democrats tend to want laws to become more relaxed whileRead MoreEssay about America’s Broken Immigration System957 Words   |  4 Pagescontroversy on the issues concerning a solution to America’s broken immigration system. Democratic and republican parties can’t seem to agree with one another, leaving reform at a stand-still. Democrats are focused on giving illegal immigrants a path to citizenship while Republicans are focused on border security. The fact is both of these approaches should work in unison with each other to provide the most efficient route in fixing immigration. Providing a path to citizenship has been labeled as grantingRead MoreLegalization For Hard Working Immigrants890 Words   |  4 PagesImmigration has become a very relevant topic in the past few years and has sparked various arguments between Americans. No agreement has been reached regarding immigration reform, possibly because many people view it as an immediate amnesty rather than a possibility of legalization for hard-working immigrants. Despite of the negative meaning associated with it, an immigration reform would be beneficial to the U.S. in social aspects, such as having undivided families, and by stimulating economic growthRead MoreImmigration Reform Of The United States1641 Words   |  7 PagesTutor: Institution: Immigration Reform ​Immigration is defined as the act of leaving your country of origin and going to another different one to stay there permanently (Dictionary.com). Reasons, why people escape or leave their original countries, are varied; ranging from war, poverty, natural occurrences such as earthquakes while others just take the step for fun purposes. A reform is a change from the way things were done originally and make them better. Therefore, immigration reform is a term that

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Cyberspace Information Technology Ethics - hacking

Question: Your lecturer will place several links in Interact to a number of relevant articles and/or case studies. These will be available to you just after yoursecond assignment has been submitted. 1. Choose one of the media articles or case studies listed by the lecturer in Interact. 2. Use the title of the article/case study provided in interact as the title of your essay, so that the lecturer knows which article you are analysing. 3. Undertake further research about your chosen case, to assist you in analysing and discussing it in your essay. Answer: Our world has faced a rapid change in technology over the last decade or so. There has been a major revolution in the field of internet and cyber net. It has brought major boost in the field of technology for every single individual, organization etc (McIntosh, 2003). Internet has totally changed the ways of approaching different potentially important works within a simple approach. The inclusion of internet over the past decade has totally changed the advancement of every field starting from school to business. Internet has been a boon to the lives of every individual. Internet has become like the major need for everybody now-a-days (Adam, 2005). Digital wrong doing is the new type of wrongdoing, which is either, executed utilizing machines, or is generally identified with them. Its source can be followed to the becoming reliance on machines in current life. Digital wrongdoing has accepted evil ramifications today as everything from microwave stoves and iceboxes to atomic force plan ts is being run on machines. But along with the massive boon that internet poses it also has brought forward major threats which are actually very much dangerous even which can ruin major lives of individuals and posing security threats (Reynolds, 2003). One of the most prolific and widely posed threats all over the world is Cyber-crime. In the past few years it has been noted that the cyber-dubbed cyber crime has majorly increased all over the world. Based on the major statistics from all over the world it has been prolifically noticed that the different types of cyber crime pose major serious threats to individual as well as business. Today, the world is moving towards a point where everything from keeping money stock trades, are activity control, phones to electric influence, human services, welfare and instruction relies on upon programming (Bansal, 2003). This exponential development, and the increment in the limit and availability of machines coupled with the decline in expens e, has realized progressive changes in every part of human progress, including wrong doing. Cyber crime may be defined or explained as the major crimes that are committed over the internet using a computer or laptop as a major tool to target the innocents. There are different types of cyber crime like spamming, piracy illegal reproduction and distribution of the software applications which potentially causes a huge loss in money to the industry of entertainment all over the world. In fact hacking is also a major cyber crime. It can be described as a potential user who actually uses the personal skill or knowledge to misuse and get unauthorized access to major data and sources. Virus attacks also are types of cyber crime which actually destroys individual or any organizational computer systems along with destroying all the important data (De George, 2006). Computer hacking, computer frauds, major thefts and harassments mostly through social networking sites like facebook, orkut also drags the lives of many individuals all over the world. Thus, the expanded limits of data fra meworks today take on at the expense of expanded vu Inerrability. Data innovation has started to deliver criminal chances of an assortment that the brightest lawbreakers of yore couldn't even start to dream about. A digital wrongdoing may be robbery of data administrations, interchanges in facilitation of criminal schemes, information transfers theft, electronic IRS evasion, electronic vandalism and terrorism, deals and venture misrepresentation, illicit capture of information transfers, and electronic stores exchange extortion (Soraj Hongladarom Ess, 2007). The point of reference for robbery of data administrations was situated by the 'telephone breakers' more than three decades back for what has turned into a significant criminal industry (De George, 2003). In this system for wrongdoing, the culprits get access to the PBX leading group of an association, and make their own particular calls or offer call time to outsiders. Web- based email administration like Hotmail, Yahoo! Mail or Gmail don't run an email program on your machine, you log into a Web email account remotely. The product and capacity for your record does not exist on your machine yet on the administration's machine cloud. Despite the fact that distributed computing is a developing field, the thought has been around for a couple of years. It is called distributed computing in light of the fact that the information and applications exist on a "cloud" of Web servers (Freeman Peace, 2005). A distributed computing framework can be isolated into two areas: the front end and the back end. They interface with one another through a system, generally the Internet. The front end is the side the machine client, or customer, sees. It incorporates the customer's machine (or machine system) and the application needed to get to the distributed computing framework. The back end is the "cloud" segment of the framework (Marcum, n.d.). Different machines, servers and information stockpiling frameworks that make the "cloud" of processing administrations are display here. In principle, a distributed computing framework could incorporate essentially any machine program you can envision, from information transforming to feature diversions. Normally, every application will have its own devoted server. A focal server directs the framework, checking movement and customer requests to guarantee everything runs easily. It takes after a set of tenets called conventions and uses an uncommon sort of programming called middleware. Middleware permits organized machines to correspond with one another. On the off chance that a distributed computing organization has a great deal of customers, there is prone to be an appeal for a ton of storage room. A few organizations oblige several advanced stockpiling gadgets. Distributed computing frameworks need in any event double the quantity of capacity gadgets it requires to keep all its customers' data put a way (Gerdes, 2009). That is on account of these gadgets, in the same way as all machines, incidentally separate. The appearance of data engineering has improved the exercises the privilege middleware, a distributed computing framework could execute all the projects an ordinary machine could run. Conceivably, everything from non specific word preparing programming to redo machine projects intended for a particular organization could take a shot at a distributed computing framework. It is a decent thought to depend on an alternate machine framework to run projects and store information as it would empower customers to get to their applications and information from anyplace whenever. They could get to the distributed computing framework utilizing any machine connected to the Internet. Information would not be restricted to a hard commute on one client's machine or even an organization's inside system (Goel, 2007). Likewise, it could cut equipment expenses down as the customer would not have to purchase the quickest machine with the most memory, in light of the fact that the cloud framework would deal with the rest. Rather, a customer could purchase a modest work station with a screen, a console and mouse and simply enough preparing force to run the middleware important to join with the cloud framework. On the off chance that the distributed computing framework's back end is a lattice registering framework, then the customer could exploit the whole system's preparing force. Regularly, researchers and analysts work with figurings so mind boggling that it would take years for individual machines to finish them (Grant-Adamson, 2003). On a matrix processing framework, the customer could send the estimation to the cloud for handling. The cloud framework would take advantage of the preparing force of all accessible machines on the back end, essentially accelerating the count. The argument diagram is also shown some basic advantage and disadvantage, which shown in below.Everybody who utilizes a machine is at danger for turning into a casualty of a cyber crime on the off chance that they are not watchfu l (Tavani, 2004). There are numerous approaches to secure yourself, however the best guard is to dependably be vigilant and have your eyes totally open. Introducing a hostile to infection on the machine, alongside spyware and malware is additionally a step that must be taken to stay secured. By and large of cyber crime the culprit of the wrongdoing is never gotten. This happens in fewer than 20% of all cases. Innovation is just extremely exceptional and the unlawful acts are occurring so quickly that this is very nearly outlandish. It is extremely terrifying to surmise that you could be the casualty of a wrongdoing over the web however it is absolutely a plausibility and one that increments in resemblance once a day (Hynson, 2012). Digital unlawful acts are occurring in the millions consistently and that is a disturbing number. There are a wide range of sorts of unlawful acts being perpetrated and it is up instruct individual to ensure themselves to the best of their ability It is t he best way to battle again against this wrongdoing. There will dependably be new and sudden difficulties to stay in front of digital hoodlums and digital terrorists however we can win just through association and cooperation of both people and government. There is much we can do to guarantee a sheltered, secure and dependable registering environment. It is significant not just to our national feeling of prosperity, additionally to our national security and economy. To battle back the individual and businessperson ought to be proactive, not responsive we don't need to stay at the less than desirable end of wrongdoing for eternity. The battle against digital wrongdoing begins in our exceptional home (Introna, 2005) .We ought not answer any email from obscure persons, we ought to figure out how to report spam sends to the email servers .We ought not transfer our individual data on informal communication locales or our record subtle elements on other such destinations. Additionally the utilization antivirus delicate products can be an incredible help to battle against infections and worms. References Adam, A. (2005).Gender, ethics and information technology. Houndmills, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. Bansal, S. (2003).Cyber crime. New Delhi: A.P.H. Pub. De George, R. (2003).The ethics of information technology and business. Malden, MA: Blackwell Pub. De George, R. (2006). Information technology, globalization and ethics.Ethics And Information Technology,8(1), 29-40. doi:10.1007/s10676-006-9104-4 Freeman, L., Peace, A. (2005).Information ethics. Hershey, PA: Information Science Pub. Gerdes, L. (2009).Cyber crime. Detroit: Greenhaven Press. Goel, H. (2007).Cyber crime. New Delhi, India: Rajat Publications. Grant-Adamson, A. (2003).Cyber crime. Broomall, PA: Mason Crest Publishers. Hynson, C. (2012).Cyber crime. Mankato, Minn.: Smart Apple Media. Introna, L. (2005). Disclosive Ethics and Information Technology: Disclosing Facial Recognition Systems.Ethics And Information Technology,7(2), 75-86. doi:10.1007/s10676-005-4583-2 Marcum, C.Cyber crime. McIntosh, N. (2003).Cyber crime. Chicago, IL: Raintree. Reynolds, G. (2003).Ethics in information technology. Boston, Mass.: Course Technology. Soraj Hongladarom, Ess, C. (2007).Information technology ethics. Hershey: Idea Group Reference. Tavani, H. (2004).Ethics and technology. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.

Saturday, April 18, 2020

Life in the Dorms free essay sample

Based off this essay I feel Rebekah was able to capture a very good view on the general dorm life on college. All though there were some differences between building structures and door decorating rules not much seems to have change from when she lived in a dorm to how dorm life is now. One of my favorite things to read was how amazed she was by how two people could adjust and fit so much stuff in a small room by building up. Being in a forced triple I instantly connected with this amazement. When I first visited my dorm I thought it was going to be a nightmare but now that I’m settled in things really aren’t that bad. I was surprised though when I heard that there weren’t any triples in her dorm hall, I was also kind of jealous. What aspect that hasn’t seemed to change at all either is the bulletin boards. We will write a custom essay sample on Life in the Dorms or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page I’ve only been here a month and based off what she said about their patterns of getting involved, sexual harassment and personal health makes sense. That was exactly what I first saw when I came in Davis was a board saying run for Hall Council and another one talking about personal safety. I guess people do really do follow patterns in college and the flow has just become universal, Based off the rest of her essay I’ve gotten a small view of what to come as a college Freshman. Like very quiet and stressed out people around Finals and what life is like around the holidays and how people always fine time to have fun in between but generally the crowd follows each other in patterns.

Saturday, March 14, 2020

History of Somalia

History of Somalia Somalia has had no central government since after the Civil War in 1991. Only the internationally recognized Transitional Federal Government controls a small part of the country.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on History of Somalia specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In the late 19th century, during the years of the European scramble for Africa, Somalia officially the Republic of Somalia and formerly known as the Somali Democratic Republic, located in the Horn of Africa was colonized by four countries, namely Italy, Great Britain and France, and Ethiopia. The colonizers divided it into five parts. Two of the parts in 1960 united to form what is now Somali Republic. The other two remained under Ethiopian and Kenyan rule. The fifth part, the Republic of Djibouti was recognized as an independent state. Break from the colonial York Somalia’s reaction to the rule of the colonial powers was led by religious leaders whi ch had been suppressed by 1925 either through eliminating or neutralizing their leaders. As a country it has been characterized as a failed state and is one of the poorest and the most violent states in the world (Said). As a start to the long process of creating elites, colonial powers endeavoured to employ more Somalis in the lower echelons of the colonial civil and military labour force, and opened limited schools, in which children of the traditional elite were given priority and privilege. In the Second World War, most of the Somali territory fell under British military administration who proposed, in the four power’s conference (USA, British, USSR, and France) held in 1946, to put all territory under British administration† (Said). Whatever the real intent of the British plan for Somali unity was; it was hailed by people of Somalia and strengthened their aspirations for unity. However, this proposal was utterly repudiated by the United States, France and Soviet Un ion for a variety of reasons including a strong Ethiopian lobbying at the US administration. Ethiopia, according to this plan, would have lost the Somali’s territory it had captured during 19th century. As a result, in 1949, the former Italian colony was retuned to Italy under UN trusteeship. After 10 years and with support to Somalia from Egypt, in a haphazard way, the Somali Republic gained independence on the 1st of July 1960 (Aidid and Satya; Drysdale).Advertising Looking for essay on government? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The year 1969 is the first milestone towards the failing of the Somali state. The earlier years of multiparty system and democratic culture were flawed and elections were rigged with all means possible. More than 60 parties which were sub-clan based took part in the 1969 elections. However, the ruling party of SYL rigged the election and received a majority of the seats. Over and ab ove this, in order to claim one party rule, SYL absorbed all members of the parliament from the opposition parties. Therefore, the nationalist SYL party of the earlier years of struggle for independence, domesticated by colonial powers in the years of 1950 till 1960, had drifted towards one party dictatorial rule in 1969. Consequently, grievances of overt rigging of the election, rampant bureaucratic corruption, and widespread unemployment especially among the educated elite that dismayed with the lukewarm illegal government policy towards pan- somalism, had culminated in the political turmoil and the assassination of president Sharmarke. During this period, the prestigious national army launched a coup detat on 21 October 1969 and received enthusiastic support from the majority of the disgruntled Somali people. It was not long before the new regime curtailed freedoms and banned all social and political organizations, exercised heavy-handedness on the opposition and practiced extra judicial detentions and persecution. The regime adopted a new covert policy of targeting particularly specific clans and offering particular privileges to others under the pretext of promoting revolutionaries and eliminating anti-revolutionary elements. Needlessly to say, the latter developed into armed rebel factions. With the execution of the Islamic scholars, hitherto dormant Islamic movements took on new momentum and underground organizations proliferated in every region in defence of the faith against the â€Å"Godless socialists† (Adam). From this historical moment, contemporary Islamic movements formulated their ideological foundation and launched social reformist programs. Gradually, these two forces, stemming from the indigenous ideologies of clanism and Islamism, united in their ardent desire for regime change but disagreed on the means. Apparently, the military regime clashed with these two indigenous inviolable Somali ideologies, clanism and Islam, creating a crac k in the fabric, cohesion and solidarity of Somali society (Adam).Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on History of Somalia specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The coup plotters who fled had begun to form armed oppositions and received a welcoming hand from the hostile neighbours, particularly Ethiopia. Fleeing to Ethiopia the coup plotters came back with no coordination to take over power from the nationalists. â€Å"The motor forces of Somali clannish particularism overwhelmed the centripetal forces of nationalism and Islam† (Alisha). When President Mohammed Said Barre was forced to take refuge in 1991, and the Somali state fundamentally was no longer in existence, and became characterized by the almost total absence of any coordinated governmental authority. Since that time, there have been at least fifteen attempts to establish a government in Somalia, all unsuccessful. Similarly, since the collapse of the Somali army in 1991, there has been no meaningful security of any kind, with virtually every attempt being undermined by opposition groups, who essentially turned soldiers into domestic mercenaries. The lack of designated policing authorities has created an ongoing security vacuum. This has encouraged the clan violence and anarchy that make Somalia a global poster child for a failed state. â€Å"During the decade which followed, some European and Asian countries took advantage of the chaos in Somalia and sent their commercial fleets to fish in Somali waters,† says Adam, Hussien (99). He adds by saying, â€Å"Roger Middleton has argued that what began as a legitimate fight by Somali fishermen against foreign exploitation has turned into a criminal enterprise once its lucrative potential was discovered.† The current Somali government has a facade of a working cabinet but is supported by no real departments, no civil servants in staff positions, and perhaps most importantly, has an almost total lack of funds. Also missing are any of the services that working governmental departments would provide. Corruption and criminality are defining characteristics of Somali governments. Given Somalia‘s lack of central government, there exist small fiefdoms whose rulers are always subject to change and which are inherently unstable. The current Transitional Federal Government is an Islamist regime led by President Sheikh Sharif Sheikh Ahmed, who was elected by the Transitional Federal Government in January 2009. His power nominally extends no farther than the capital city of Mogadishu, and even within these confines there are multiple groups who compete politically and militarily for neighbourhoods and even particular streets.Advertising Looking for essay on government? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More â€Å"The effort to control Mogadishu is heightened by its status as a port, which affords those who control it considerable financial opportunities. One radical group known as The Islamic Courts Union was pushed out of Mogadishu in 2006 by Ethiopian soldiers who supported the Transitional Federal Government, and in coordination with the military wing known as al-Shabab, assumed control from the Transitional Federal Government over central and southern Somalia. The Transitional Federal Government is now completely disconnected from central Somalia. Irrespective of ICU control, they do not hold the support of those Somalis living in these regions. The use of Sharia law and their continuing insurgent conduct have actually created greater alienation from the local population† (Adam). The lack of a central government, and continued internal strife, has facilitated external intervention, which in turn has made the domestic conflict even worse. On December 28, 2006, Ethiopian troop s captured Mogadishu from the ICU. This intervention led to more chaos and instability in the country, with humanitarian, political, and security conditions continuing to deteriorate across south-central Somalia (Alisha). Somaliland claims independence as a sovereign nation known as the Republic of Somaliland, but has no international recognition. Puntland remains part of greater Somalia, but generally administers its own affairs through its own military and government. The two have fought for years over the Sool and Sanag regions, part of which Puntland exists on an ethnic basis, while Somaliland says they are part of its territory under the colonial border Britain left behind. Somalilands capital‘ city of Hargeysa has a government which has a legislative branch, a police force, a currency and even their own passports, along with a Constitution that it ratified in 2001. The dependence of Somaliland on the Port of Berbera for revenue greatly undermines its claim for sovereign status. Since there is virtually no recognition of Somaliland as an independent state outside the region, no foreign aid or benefits of any kind are available. There is no law and order of any kind in Somalia due to the lack of a central government, along with extreme poverty. As a result, criminal activity is rampant throughout the country. Some engage in criminal behaviour for basic survival, while others have created what amounts to a professional criminal enterprise. Those who participate in criminal activities are more apt to resist any efforts to establish a safe and stable Somalia, as it does not serve their long-term interests. Perspectives on Somali State Collapse Collapse of Somali state can be looked at from different perspectives in accordance to schools of thought. The issues looked at in this paper include Cold War and foreign aid, Somali irredentism and war with Ethiopia, primordialism, moral degradation and eclectic factors. Cold War and Foreign Aid The Somali state collapsed with the withdrawal of external assistance and increased local demand for improved political goods. Drysdale, John quoted that, â€Å"When external support was withdrawn and societal demand for economic advancement and better governance increased it tumbled down†. Other than the withdrawal effect it is bearing the triple burden of defeat in the war and accompanying humiliation, an economy on the skids and the burden of the absence of super power patronage, Somali politics turns inward. The national focus turned into the regime and the state, which were caught in an enveloping atmosphere of acridity and suspension. Somali Irredentism and War with Ethiopia Somalia’s national aspiration for unity and its neighbor’s unwillingness to cede the disputed territory due to different views of the state-territorial versus cultural led to state collapse. â€Å"Somalia’s arguments under the principle of greater Somalia were sharply contrasted to Ethiopia, Ke nya and Djibouti’s insistence on the principle of territorial integrity and sanctity of colonial border, principles these states were prepared to defend by force if necessary,† Drysdale, John (55). Siyads demise and the disintegration of the Somali state were therefore, not only a consequence of clan politics but are attributable in part to Somalias irredentist foreign policy. Other recognized factors are border permeability with countries that hosted the growing number of Siyad Barre’s opponents. Primordialism This traditionalist approach is based on the segmentary lineage social system that is antithetical to the nature of the state. The collapse of the colonially created state represents technically a triumph for the segmentary lineage system and political power of kinship. Somalia is a country of clans where the beginnings of a modern State have been only in the making in the midst of capricious forces of history within the context of a unitary capitalist ord er and yet politically compartmentalized system. Ideally, the utter destruction of pre-capitalist devolvement in the form of decentralization and traditions which are primordial in Somalia and the concomitant convergence of basic institutions around market exchange of historic necessity in order for the Somali State to complete its evolution Moral Degradation This concept is widely held by Somali Islamic scholars who trace all of the socio-political non-conformity of the Somali state to its secular factor, moral deterioration and the unscrupulous expediency of the leadership elites. However, very recently others have appeared to voice the cultural dimension of the state’s collapse. For example, Ahmed Samatar wrote â€Å"It is one of later arguments that at the heart of the Somali catastrophe is a full breakdown of culture (e.g., heer, Islam)† (Said). Abdullahi, explains how the indigenous ideologies – Islam and clan- were suppressed and perverted, became radical ized in the late 1970s. Therefore, he concludes that â€Å"Only Islam possesses the essential ingredients for successfully integrating the various elements of Somali society and providing stable government capable of meeting the urgent social, political and economic needs of the country†. Eclectic factors Alisha says, â€Å"To focus solely on the contradictions between a foreign imposed colonial system of government and an indigenous political system would be to overlook the impact of the oppressive, corrupt and violent system of political patronage that marked the 21 year military rule of Mohamed Siad Barre (1969-1991), the influence of Cold War and post-Cold War politics in the region, the impact of structural adjustment and economic liberalization policies in the 1980s and the character of the armed movements in Somalia,† (99). Somalia civil war is the product of the togetherness of contingent and proximate factors. In the case of the former, the factors are the evo lution of the Somali state, its incorporation into the global capitalist system, and the failure of the first experiment at state-building by the Somali compradors, who assumed the reigns of power when â€Å"flag independence† was granted. The latter factors are the repression, exploitation, economic deprivation, social unease, and manipulation of identities which are primordial in nature visited on Somalia by the dictatorial regime of General Mohammed Siad Barre. Steps involved in the movement to a democratic state â€Å"Most critical of Somalia reconstruction is the political rehabilitation. Divergent views are held are on how to reconstitute the Somalia state†. Alisha (100). â€Å"Some prepositions are that state reconstitution should take its own track, in the revived hope that new state (or states) structures will emerge from the civil society once hostilities end† Adam, Hussien. This research paper observes that in order for reconstruction to occur the fol lowing are necessary to be achieved. Provision and delivery of security throughout the country must be possible before a peace process can truly become a rebuilding Endeavour. Infrastructure had to be made secure in order to ensure users were not harmed. This was made possible with the help of even peacekeepers Disarmament and demobilizing the combatants was one of the major factors to bringing peace. War participants should be indulged in other activities that are not violence related or they can also be issued with pieces of land that the can adequately use to the benefit of the community, thus making them acceptable to the society. This is a step that was unfortunately omitted in Somalia in 1993. Partial restoration of stability and confidence is a requirement for lasting peace. Order and the right rule are key factors to a transitional rule in the republic of Somalia, without which the environment would not be favorable running of a smooth government. Transitional administratio n and international agencies can once this is in order – â€Å"focus on four primary and parallel objectives: jump-starting the economy, restoring the rule of law, re-creating political institutions, and rejuvenating civil society† (Said). Restoration of law and order is necessary for transitional administration to function towards ensuring an atmosphere conducive to recovery. â€Å"A new introduction of the rule of law can be done in stages, over the course of time, but nationals will not support reconstruction efforts until they are certain that legal redress will be available,† Adam, Hussien (104). He also adds by saying, â€Å"Training or retraining of police personnel, judges, bureaucrats, and parliamentarians for reconstruction and democratization of the failed state. The state’s defense forces will have to be arranged in a new way and their chiefs reoriented. Strong local leadership cannot be assumed but must be nurtured and strengthened.† (Adam, Hussien, 110). Sustainable state rebuilding will require a promise of commitment from the rich nations to stick with the newly formed functional state. They should partner to support rebuilding and stick around through the tough work of till completion. Formation of institution will require outside state help since they were mutilated and destroyed in the collapse period. Conclusion In conclusion we could say that Somalia has had several attempts to reconstruct its government but all this has been in vain. Despite the intervention of other organizations such as the UN who have imposed sanctions in order to have help it has still failed to reconstruct its government. Although Somalia still suffers, there are progressive activities all over the world that have been put in place in order to help Somaliland regain the peace and have a government system that will unite its citizen and ensure they live in peace with each other. Adam, Hussien. Militarism, Warlodism or Democracy? R eview of African Political Economy 54.Surviving Democracy? (1992): 11-26. Aidid, Mohammed Farah, and Pal Ruhela Satya. Somalia: From The Dawn of Civilization To The Modern Times. India: Vikas Publishing House PVT LTD, 1993. Alisha. Somali Government, The Somali Peninsula: New Light on Imperial Motives. London: Staples Printers, 1962. Drysdale, John. The Somali Dispute. New York: Praeger, 1964. Said, S. Somalia Country Studies: Federal Research Division of Library of Congress.

Wednesday, February 26, 2020

Natural Selection Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 words

Natural Selection - Essay Example The world is going through the process of changes at different levels and most of them are related to human activity that goes on without intermission. Evolutionary biology provides perfect understanding and increases awareness. Regina Bailey argues that â€Å"Biological evolution is defined as any genetic change in a population that is inherited over several generations. These changes may be small or large, noticeable or not so noticeable. In order for an event to be considered an instance of evolution, changes have to occur on the genetic level of a population and be passed on from one generation to the next.†(Bailey†¦)It helps to predict short and long- term results of variations in the environment, global warming and results of application of pesticides. Interaction between adaptation and chance are the conflicting agents in the process of natural selection. When we say variation is the key concept, the role of lineages that are engaged in competition goes to prove th e importance of natural selection. Biological species are not unchangeable entities and they are ever on the flux. Regina Bailey further states, â€Å"Natural selection is the process by which biological evolutionary changes take place. Natural selection acts on populations and not individuals†¦.. Evolution suggests that all life is connected and can be traced back to one common ancestor. A literal interpretation of biblical creation suggests that life was created by an all-powerful, supernatural being.†(Bailey)The Process of Natural Selection, as propounded by Darwin has four components. They are â€Å"variation, inheritance, high rate of population growth and differential survival and reproduction.†(2011, Medical†¦) Viewed from any angle, natural selection is an important concept in evolutionary